Baptist Confession of Faith

What is Adoption? God has granted[1] that, in and for His only Son Jesus Christ,[2] all those who are justified[3] share in the grace of adoption. By this they are numbered with and enjoy...

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Repentance to Life and Salvation

Baptist Confession of Faith

What is Repentance to Life and Salvation? Some of the elect are converted in later years, having lived for some time in their natural state[1] in which they have served various...

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Baptist Confession of Faith

What is Sanctification? Those who are united to Christ, effectually called and regenerated, have a new heart and a new spirit created in them through the efficacy of Christ's death and...

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What do we believe?

The Fall, Sin and its Punishment

What is The Fall, Sin and its Punishment?

God created Adam upright and perfect, and gave him a righteous law which secured life for him while he kept it, but threatened death if he broke it. Yet Adam did not live long in this position of honour.[1] Satan used the subtlety of the serpent to subdue Eve, she seduced Adam, and Adam (without any compulsion) wilfully transgressed the law of their creation and the command given to them by eating the forbidden fruit.[2]God was pleased to permit this act, according to His wise and holy counsel, as it was His purpose to direct it toward His own glory.[3]

By this sin our first parents fell from their original righteousness and communion with God. We fell in them, for by it death came upon all;[4]all became dead in sin and totally defiled in all the faculties and parts of soul and body.[5]

By God's appointment, they were the root, standing in the place of the whole human race. The guilt of this sin was imputed to, and their corrupted nature passed on to all their posterity by ordinary birth. Their descendants are therefore conceived in sin, and are by nature children of wrath, the servants of sin, the subjects of death and all other miseries—spiritual, temporal, and eternal—unless the Lord Jesus sets them free.[6]

All actual transgressions proceed from this original corruption.[7]By it we are completely incapacitated and disabled, antagonistic to all good and entirely biased towards evil.[8]

During this life, this corruption of nature remains in those who are regenerated.[9]Although it is pardoned and put to death through Christ, yet both this corrupt nature and all its actions are truly and actually sin.[10]

[1] Ecclesiastes 7:29; Romans 5:12a,14-15; Genesis 2:17; 4:25-5:3

[2] Genesis 3:1-7; 2 Corinthians 11:3; 1 Timothy 2:14

[3] Romans 11:32-34; 2 Samuel 24:1; 1 Chronicles 21:1; 1 Kings 22:22-23; 2 Samuel 16:10; Acts 2:23; 4:27-28

[4] Genesis 3:22-24; Romans 5:12ff; 1 Corinthians 15:20-22; Psalm 51:4-5; 58:3; Ephesians 2:1-3; Genesis 8:21; Proverbs

[5] Genesis 2:17; Ephesians 2:1; Titus 1:15; Genesis 6:5; Jeremiah 17:9; Romans 3:10-18; 1:21; Ephesians 4:17-19; John 5:40; Romans 8:7

[6] Genesis 5:12ff, 1 Corinthians 15:20-22; Psalm 51:4-5; 58:3; Ephesians 2:1-3; Genesis 8:21; Proverbs 22:15; Job 14:4; 15:14

[7] Matthew 7:17-20; 12:33-35; 15:18-20

[8] Matthew 7:17-18; 12:33-35; Luke 6:43-45; John 3:3,5; 6:37,39,40,44,45,65; Romans 3:10-12; 5:6; 7:18; 8:7-8; 1 Corinthians 2:14

[9] 1 John 1:8-10; 1 Kings 8:46; Psalm 130:3; 143:2; Proverbs 20:9; Ecclesiastes 7:20; Romans 7:14-25; James 3:2

[10] Psalm 51:4-5; Proverbs 22:15; Ephesians 2:3; Romans 7:5,7-8,17-18,25; 8:3-13; Galatians 5:17-24; Genesis 8:21; Proverbs 15:26; 21:4; Genesis 8:21; Matthew 5:27-28